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St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center

Data Release

Data for evaluating the Sr/Ca temperature proxy with in-situ temperature in the western Atlantic coral Siderastrea siderea

By Ilsa B. Kuffner, Kelsey E. Roberts, Jennifer A. Flannery, Jennifer M. Morrison, and Julie N. Richey

Summary

Massive corals are used as environmental recorders throughout the tropics and subtropics to study environmental variability during time periods preceding ocean-observing instrumentation. However, careful testing of paleoproxies is necessary to validate the environmental-proxy record throughout a range of conditions experienced by the recording organisms. As part of the USGS Coral Reef Ecosystems Studies project (http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/crest/), we tested the hypothesis that the coral Siderastrea siderea faithfully records sea-surface temperature (SST) in the Sr/Ca record throughout the subtropical (Florida, USA) seasonal cycle along 350 km of reef tract. Coral samples were analyzed from thirty-nine corals growing in 3 to 4 m depth at Fowey Rocks (Biscayne National Park), Molasses Reef (Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary, FKNMS), Sombrero Reef (FKNMS), and Pulaski Shoal (Dry Tortugas National Park). Temperatures were recorded with Onset® HOBO® Water Temp Pro V2 (U22-001) data loggers in duplicate at each site. Sr/Ca, Mg/Ca, calcification rate, and select underwater temperature data are provided here. The results of this experiment are interpreted in Kuffner et al. (in review). A larger temperature dataset, including the data provided here, is found in another data release Kuffner (2015), and a larger calcification-rate dataset is interpreted in Kuffner et al. (2013).

Kuffner, I. B., K. E. Roberts, J. A. Flannery, J. M. Morrison, and J. N. Richey (2017), Fidelity of the Sr/Ca proxy in recording ocean temperature in the western Atlantic coral Siderastrea siderea, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 18, 178–188, doi:10.1002/2016GC006640.

Kuffner, I.B., T.D. Hickey, and J.M. Morrison. 2013. Calcification rates of the massive coral Siderastrea siderea and crustose coralline algae along the Florida Keys (USA) outer-reef tract. Coral Reefs 32:987-997. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00338-013-1047-8

Kuffner, I. B. (2015), Underwater temperature on off-shore coral reefs of the Florida Keys, U.S.A.: U.S. Geological Survey data release, doi: 10.5066/F71C1TZK. http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/data-release/doi-F71C1TZK/, edited.

Data

File Name and Description Metadata (XML format) Metadata (text format) Download File
Growth_SST_Sr_Mg_39_corals.csv
Growth and geochemical data for 39 Siderastrea siderea corals
Coral_growth_geochem_metadata.xml Coral_growth_geochem_metadata.txt Growth_SST_Sr_Mg_39_corals.zip
(26 MB)
SrCa_MgCa_all_drill_paths.csv
Strontium and magnesium data for all drill paths for 39 Siderastrea siderea corals
Same as above Same as above SrCa_MgCa_all_drill_paths.zip
(79 MB)

Location map showing the four locations where corals were monitored for growth on the Florida Keys outer reef tract and then sampled for geochemical analysis.
Location map showing the four locations where corals were monitored for growth on the Florida Keys outer reef tract and then sampled for geochemical analysis. Sites from west to east are Pulaski Shoal (24.69355N 82.77280W), Sombrero Reef (24.62687N 81.10893W), Molasses Reef (25.01047N 80.37530W), and Fowey Rocks (25.59047N 80.09560W). Inset shows location of the Florida Keys in relation to the state of Florida, U.S.A.

Suggested Citation

Kuffner, I. B., K. E. Roberts, J. A. Flannery, J. M. Morrison, and J. N. Richey, 2016, Data for evaluating the Sr/Ca temperature proxy with in-situ temperature in the western Atlantic coral Siderastrea siderea: U.S. Geological Survey data release, http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7XP732P.

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