USGS Home -
St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center Home
Seismic Reflection Surveys
Orange Lake - North & Central Area

Northeast Florida Lakes & Rivers Home
Open File Report:
Seismic Reflection
  Karst Formation
  Regional Geology
  Orange Lake:
  Seismic Investigations
  Lake Geology
  Karst & Sinhole Features
  Southeast Area
  North & Central Area You are at North and Central Area
  Southwest Area
  Kingsley Lake
  Lowry & Magnolia Lakes
  Drayton Island
Jim Flocks
Location of seismic profiles collected from the North and Central area of Orange Lake. Click on the numbers in red to view Figures 18, 19, and 20.
Figure 18 Figure 19 Figure 20 The north and central areas of Orange Lake are geologically similar and will be combined and discussed as one area (Fig. 6). The lake bottom and subsurface of this area can be described as relatively smooth with similar small subsidence features throughout the area. This area encompasses the largest percentage of the lake and the bottom is covered with a sandy-clay sediment most likely deposited by run-off from the surrounding shorelines. The north and central part of Orange Lake proved to be a difficult area to collect geophysical data. The composition of the surficial sediments and shallow water depth produced strong multiples that masked much of the geologic data (Fig. 18). A multiple is an artifact of the acquisition process and occurs when sufficient energy is reflected from a horizon to the water surface and back to the lake floor. This reflected energy appears in seismic profile as a mirror image or multiple of the horizon that produced the original reflection. The data shown in Figure 18 may indicate the early stages of a subsidence sinkhole due to the low slopes of the sides. The central area is actively subsiding and/or collapsing and slumpage on the southwest flank is seen as high angle faults. Figure 19 shows a high angle fault or small scale subsidence. The multiples have masked the structure below 4 milliseconds.

The features in this section of the lake are generally small (1 to 10 meters across) and tend to be isolated (Figs. 19, 20). This is different than the features in the southeast area that tend to be grouped together to form larger (>100 meters) features.

Limited by the poor quality data collected from this area, only relatively few features could be identified and these features were identified by their similarity in structure to features found in better quality data. Seen in the seismic data were surface features and shallow horizons (< 2m) that indicated there were a number of subsidence sinkholes in this area. The subsidence features are of similar size, approximately 40 m across, and have disturbed the surface sediments.

The features observed in the southwestern section of the North and Central area adjacent to Samsons point are noteworthy for two reasons. The first is the presence of high angle faults that cut through the lake bottom confining unit (Figs. 18, 19).

This indicates either the break has occurred in recent years or the less likely case that there has been no sediment deposited on the lake bottom. This type of breach has the highest potential to provide a pathway for leakage or accelerate the development of a collapse sink. The plasticity of the clays may allow the break to suture however, and leave the bottom intact. Figure 20 shows the continued presence of strong multiples and recent or active small-scale subsidence. These small subsidence features (3 to 5 m) are common throughout the area and typically have a slight surficial depression associated with their presence. These may represent plugged solution pipes.

The second noteworthy characteristic of the North and Central area is the clustering of features near Samsons Point. Figure 15 shows the location of disturbances of the subbottom at Orange Lake. Most of the nearshore area between Samsons Point and Boardman show some form of subsidence features.

  top of page  |  next section

Coastal and Marine Program > St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center > Northeast Florida Lakes & Rivers Home > Seismic Reflection Surveys > Orange Lake - North and Central Area

U.S. Department of the Interior,U.S. Geological Survey, St. Petersburg Coastal and Marine Science Center
Address questions and comments to [an error occurred while processing this directive]
Updated December 05, 2016 @ 11:25 AM (THF)